I was recently contacted about a never-before-published interview that Vivien Leigh had done in 1966 during the run of her last play, Ivanov, in which she co-starred with her good friend John Gielgud. Peter Coyne, a former student and good friend of the interviewer, Richard F. Mason, was kind enough to choose vivandlarry.com as the source of publication. He has written a marvelous introduction to the interview, as well as provided a scan of the letter Vivien sent to Mr. Mason in response. Thanks, Peter.
Richard F. Mason was a professor of drama and director of university theater productions at Hofstra University on Long Island from 1964 until 1993. I was his student there from 1977 until 1981, and his friend thereafter. He wrote the following interview with Vivien Leigh in 1966, when she was appearing in New York City in her last play, Ivanov. Mason was still fairly new to New York at that time, having recently moved into the Charles Street apartment in Greenwich Village where he would live until his dying day, November 26, 2010. Although he was already 37 years old at the time of the interview, there is still a touch of the “stage door Johnny” about him, even if one armed with a PhD. He often mentioned in later years, when recalling the experience, the degree to which he felt star-struck, and how his time with Vivien felt rather like being in a dream state. Writing was never as great a strength for him as teaching and directing were, yet he manages to be rather funny in his own very arch way (to me, at least), and Vivien herself says she was “delighted” with the result.
Since Mason frequently references in his interview a piece about Vivien Leigh written by Elaine Dundy that had just been published, a summary of that article might be helpful. It appeared in the Village Voice on May 5, 1966, under the headline, Vivien Leigh: On Interviewing a Star On a Wet Washington Day. Ms. Dundy describes the colorful roles Vivien has played, the exciting life she has lived, and labels her an “Adventuress.” She describes boarding the plane for Washington, hauling herself and her overnight gear through a D.C. downpour to get to the theater, all for what she labels a “Snub Interview.” Her greeting from the star: “‘Don’t come near me!’she cries out as I advance into the dressing room. ‘I’ve got a cold.’ (I mention this as the most gracious thing she will say to me in the next 20 minutes.)” Her Vivien emerges as not chatty, but catty. There is one hilarious moment: After a pause, Vivien says to the writer, “I loved that piece you wrote about Barbra Streisand.” Response: “I have never written about Barbra Streisand in my life.” In the end, Ms. Dundy must make due with terse, sometimes monosyllabic answers (“No.”) to her rather inane questions. She dashes for the last flight back to New York City instead of remaining in Washington overnight as planned, feeling very snubbed indeed.
Now, for a glimpse at a very different Vivien Leigh, as seen through the eyes of young Professor Mason in his heretofore unpublished interview. I hope you will enjoy reading it.
• • • • • •
Backstage with Vivien Leigh
by Richard F. Mason
At the end of a recent interview with Vivien Leigh, an apology was offered her for Elaine Dundy’s bizarre impressions which earlier had appeared in The Village Voice. Inexplicably venomous and self-aggrandizing, Dundy’s “interview” must have made every responsible journalist cringe and shudder. The storm of protest it attracted was justified.
Miss Leigh was at a loss to explain Dundy’s hostile attitude. (Perhaps she knew it was reflective of Kenneth Tynan’s, a mentor of Dundy.) With a gesture of surprise, Miss Leigh said, “I didn’t have to see her. I simply don’t–cannot understand.” Perhaps a man might.
There was absolutely no resemblance between the Vivien Leigh of this interview and the one of Miss Dundy’s projection. This Miss Leigh did not behave eccentrically, or cover her face (why on earth or in heaven would she?) and talk about tastes in tea.
Miss Leigh sat, as a matter of fact, rather comfortably in her dressing room during a recent matinee performance of Ivanov. She commented on a variety of theatrical subjects, which indeed, would be the only purpose of a general interview. True, despite her relaxed air, it seemed impossible for her not to impress as poised and elegant. Nor, to add to the paradox, did she impress as granting an audience, but one generously participating in a shared interview.
This Vivien Leigh was alive with future projects which should excite theatrical entrepreneurs,writers, directors and fans. This legendary beauty and acclaimed actress expressed a firm intention of soon doing The Cherry Orchard; described a search for a new play by “anadventuresome young playwright–even though it’s difficult to find a good, new woman’s role”; and sustains a hope of doing a film version of her stage success Duel of Angels, “longing to play both roles, the two sides of the coin in every woman.”
There are not many American actresses of this Miss Leigh’s magnitude who would consider so unlengthy a role as that of the consumptive wife of Ivanov, a role of but two, albeit strong, scenes. “It’s a matter of the character,” she commented, “and this part has a challenging and subtle range and variety.”
The actress’ appreciation and alertness to character in the drama threaded its way through many of her comments. Her views reflected those of many observers of the theatrical scene who admire British versatility and are dismayed at the inability of the American actor to exploit a “stage style”.
“It’s a matter of appreciating a character’s psychology, not one’s own. Acting is not dependent upon an analysis of self but of a character. We look for a variety of characters to increase our range and depth–as many as our physical limitations will allow. The length of a role is absolutely secondary to its dimension. This approach is in our training, our repertoire system, our schools. It’s our tradition.” Hear, hear, Lee Strasberg.
Since Miss Leigh had considered appearing in Hush, Hush, Sweet Charlotte (the role later wentto Olivia de Havilland), she was asked of her attitude toward the appearance in horror films of such luminaries as Davis, de Havilland, Crawford, or Bankhead.
“These are splendid actresses all, and actresses must work. If there is a character challenge offered there, the opportunity to create a character of many facets, then why not? Look at what Bette Davis achieved in Whatever Happened to Baby Jane? It takes zest and talent to do that. I intend to see them all as soon as I can catch up with them.”
What was her final opinion of her last two screen appearances, The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone and Ship of Fools, neither of which earned enthusiastic responses?
“There was too much interference with the first. The highly inventive Jose Quintero was not allowed to be on his own. He was shackled. My character lost dimension.
“Ship of Fools was too complex an original story to be captured smoothly in a two and a half hour film. Character development was sacrificed.”
What was her favorite film prior to Gone with the Wind? “St. Martin’s Lane (released in the U.S. as Sidewalks of London). Yes. There was a good role. It had bits. Success affected that character.”
The equation between theatre and a character may be the occupational hazard of an actress,but it is an understandable one when the gallery of characters from Shakespeare to Williams, excitingly realized by Miss Leigh on stage and screen, is recalled. This Miss Leigh also exhibited a gracious eagerness to bestow credit wherever she believed it reasonably belonged. Since the starring presence of Sir John Gielgud did not save last year’s Tiny Alice, some critics suspect that it is her presence drawing crowds to Ivanov, a play as stuffy as the former was confounding.
“It is all due to Sir John’s direction, adaption, and virtuosity. It truly is impossible to bring it off without him. His sheer virtuosity makes stageworthy a character who bores others, and worst of all, bores himself.”
Scattered throughout Miss Leigh’s conversation was praise for:
New York audiences for accepting the difficult Ivanov and demonstrating a “sensitivity to its changing moods from pathos to comedy, however subtle”; Praise for director Jose Quintero, “fantastically imaginative and inventive”; Praise for actress Kim Hunter, Academy Award winner who played Stella to Leigh’s Blanche in the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire: “She was so awfully good–developing a solid character which was wonderful to play against.”
And she expressed enthusiasm for the resurgence of vitality in the British theatre.
The Miss Leigh of this interview was philosophically impatient that a film magazine had quoted her as saying that film work required more concentration than the stage.
“Good Lord, no. Both obviously demand concentration, but the very physical act of sustaining a stage role demands–well, a concentration-concentration, if I may.”
Nor does this Miss Leigh feud with directors, respecting their problems and their art.
“He sees the whole thing. Each has an individual approach. Still, it is a cooperative effort. You’ve got to work hand in hand.”
While observing this Miss Leigh in casual conference with Sir John Gielgud (“still improving theplay”), one is forced to be aware that actors of such magnitude are a special breed. They possess a quality that is absolutely not imposed, like an overcoat, from without, but must emanate from an inner consolidation of awareness, security, and confidence.
Miss Dundy reported that after departing Miss Leigh, she sat in a cab and “allowed herself to laugh”. It is just possible that she did not quite pull herself together before writing the interview.
Obviously, one approaches the popular interview with his critical guard up, for we are a celebrity-sensitive nation tending to attribute a weight to the opinions of the glamorous that is something naive. However enjoyable the repartee may be, the newsworthy do not necessarily say newsworthy things.
Nevertheless, that these are printed and read comprise a paradox of popular journalism.
Miss Leigh’s statements are of interest because, within the context of her notable career, Miss Leigh herself is of interest. Her comments add detail to a career which exists in public domain.
The Vivien Leigh of this interview kindly understood and accepted this. Who could Miss Dundy have talked to?
(Richard F. Mason holds a doctorate in drama and theatre. He teaches at Hofstra University, directs at the Green Ram Summer Theatre and is a chronicler of things theatrical.)
[tags]Vivien Leigh, theatre, Ivanov, plays, theater, New York[/tags]